Cheraw State Park marks the end of the trail for me for 2015, so it is time for what has become an annual tradition: my year-end reflection post! In my first year with my mom in glory, I had a rather prolific year on the trail. I hiked 52 new trails totaling over 141 miles. Both of those numbers are all-time highs for me. I hiked in 16 different states including 2 new states: Connecticut and Rhode Island. I only have 13 states to go now to get all 50 of them.
I should get off to a fast start in 2016: I am scheduled to go down to Baton Rouge to do some bayou hiking in January. Normally I would take that trip in December, but some nuances in the academic calendar at my university force me to take it in January. [I am a full-time math professor, after all :)] I also tentatively have trips planned to eastern North Carolina, northern California, and central Ohio this coming year. Hopefully I will get a couple of new states on my way out to California; that's one advantage to driving rather than flying.
See you on the trail in 2016!
David, aka the Mathprofhiker
Sunday, December 27, 2015
Trail: Boardwalk Trail
Geographic Location: southwest of
Length: 1.2 miles
Difficulty: 0/10 (Easy)
Last Hiked: December 2015
Overview: An out-and-back across a fabulous boardwalk and the dam of
. Lake Juniper
Park Information: http://www.southcarolinaparks.com/cheraw/introduction.aspx
Google Map: http://www.mappedometer.com/?maproute=483754
Directions to the trailhead: From downtown Cheraw, take US 52 south 4.3 miles to the first of two state park entrances on the right. Turn right to enter the park, then turn left at the T-intersection 0.9 miles from US 52. Drive a total of 1.2 miles from US 52 to the large gravel/sand parking area in front of the park office. Park here.
The hike: For my general comments on
, see the previous hike. Whereas the previous hike led
to the backwaters of Cheraw
State Park ,
this hike takes you to the main part of the lake and across the boardwalk for
which this park is famous. I had been
trying to get to Cheraw to hike this boardwalk for several years, and the experience
I had on a late December afternoon did not disappoint. Come here and enjoy this easy stroll often. Lake Juniper
The Boardwalk Trail connects the park office with the park campground, so you can start at either end. I chose to start at the park office, which is located in the main section of
. If you insist on not walking the same trail
twice, you could set up a car shuttle, but most people will not go to that
extreme on a hike this short and easy. Cheraw
|Trailhead sign for Boardwalk Trail|
From the front of the park office, look for the large red/brown sign that marks the start of the trail to the boardwalk and the boatdock picnic shelter. The well-worn sandy-dirt path heads northeast with the park’s playground and
to your right. At 0.1 miles, you pass
the large boatdock picnic shelter as a side trail exits right for the park’s
swimming beach. Lake Juniper
Just past the shelter, you reach a raised wooden lake observation platform that features a picnic table. Nice views appear up and down the shallow lake. Soon thereafter you reach the start of the boardwalk. A sign tells you that this boardwalk was financed by the Land and Water Conservation Fund, a federal fund established in 1965 to protect natural areas and develop recreation infrastructure. Not only is the boardwalk over 1000 feet long, but some siderails make it wheelchair accessible. Unfortunately, the trails leading to the boardwalk might be too rough for a wheelchair.
|Crossing the boardwalk|
Take your time crossing the boardwalk. The lake is only a couple of feet deep here, and the sandy soil acts like a filter and keeps the water quite clear and reflective. The golf course can be seen to the left, while the campground appears across the lake to the right.
The other end of the boardwalk deposits you on
’s dam. Some people turn around here, but there is
more to see if you turn right and start walking down the dam. Views open up down the length of Lake
Juniper , and a well-placed bench
allows you to sit and admire the scenery. Lake
|View down Lake Juniper|
At 0.5 miles, you cross the dam’s spillway on an iron bridge with wooden floor. The “waterfall” created by water running over the concrete spillway is 100% man-made but pleasant to the ears nonetheless. Another 0.1 miles of dam walking brings you to the trail’s unceremonious end at the park’s campground access road. On the down side, you will need to retrace your steps 0.6 miles to complete the hike, but on the bright side you get to walk across the fabulous boardwalk again.
Wednesday, December 23, 2015
Trail: Turkey Oak Trail
Geographic Location: southwest of
Length: 4.2 miles
Difficulty: 3/10 (Easy/Moderate)
Last Hiked: December 2015
Overview: A lollipop loop through longleaf pine forest to the backwaters of
. Lake Juniper
Park Information: http://www.southcarolinaparks.com/cheraw/introduction.aspx
Google Map: http://www.mappedometer.com/?maproute=483752
Directions to the trailhead: From downtown Cheraw, take US 52 south 4.3 miles to the first of two state park entrances on the right. Turn right to enter the park, then turn right again at the T-intersection 0.9 miles from US 52. The asphalt becomes a little rough after the T-intersection, so drive carefully. Drive a total of 2.3 miles from US 52 to the park road’s end at the trailhead parking area. Park here. (Note: the park road used to continue to US 1, but it is now closed beyond this parking area.)
The hike: Tucked in the northeast corner of
Carolina, (pronounced with the
accent on the second syllable) sits on the first tract of land that the State
State Park South Carolina designated for
a state park. Citizens of Cheraw and the
U.S. Government donated the park’s 7361 acres to the state in 1934, and the
depression-era Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) built the park’s original
buildings, some of which are still in use today. The park centers around 360-acre and an 18-hole championship
golf course designed by Tom Jackson. 8
small cabins and a cozy 17-site lakeside campground provide lodging
In terms of trails,
seems to have a trail to suit every ability
and interest. 9.2 miles of mountain bike
trails lie north of US 1, and 5 miles of horse trails depart from the
campground area south of Cheraw State
Park . The park also has two hiker-only trails, the
short Boardwalk Trail described in the next hike and the more substantial
Turkey Oak Trail described here.
Combining this hike with Tate’s Trail at nearby Carolina Sandhills National Wildlife Refuge makes for a nice full day of sandhills
hiking. Lake Juniper
|Trailhead: Turkey Oak Trail|
From the parking area, the Turkey Oak Trail starts at a mileage sign and a pair of information signs. One of the signs tells you that this trail was built in 1994, thus making it the park’s newest hiking trail. The trail actually consists of two nested loops, a 1.9 mile inner loop and a 4.2 mile outer loop (which is signed as 4.5 miles long, but the distance I give here is more accurate based on my calculations). The inner loop is marked with red painted triangles, while the outer loop is marked with white painted triangles. The two loops use this common entrance trail, so you see both red and white blazes here. Some older aluminum blazes also mark the trail.
The trail heads south through flat sandy terrain with minor undulations. Short boardwalks carry you over particularly wet areas, but for the most part the sandy soil remains well-drained. The scenery alternates between open longleaf pine plantings and closed scrub forest that features loblolly pines, dogwood, sweet gum, American holly, and, of course, turkey oaks. Burn marks on trees remind you that park officials conduct controlled burns to maintain the longleaf pine habitats.
Longleaf pines are a favorite nesting place for the endangered red-cockaded woodpecker, and some signs nailed to these pines mark land set aside as woodpecker habitat. These areas are closed to public entry, but keep your eyes in the trees while staying on the trail to look for the rare woodpeckers. I did not see or hear any woodpeckers on my visit, but I did see some common songbirds such as chickadees.
|Hiking through longleaf pines|
At 0.3 miles, the trail curves sharply right to join an old road. The Turkey Oak Trail follows old logging roads for much of its distance. These sections of the path are wide enough to support a stroller or wheelchair, but the trail surface is far too rough.
Just shy of 0.4 miles, you reach the trail intersection that forms the loop portion of this hike. As directed by a sign, this description turns right to hike the loop counterclockwise. The trail heads through the heart of a longleaf pine planting as it passes over a low ridge. The old road becomes more eroded at it descends into shrubby scrub forest and curves left to resume its southbound course.
0.9 miles into the hike, you emerge into another longleaf pine planting. A sign marks this area as “red-cockaded woodpecker cavity trees” because park officials carved cavities into these longleaf pine trees in an effort to improve woodpecker nesting opportunities. The effort worked, as evidenced by the woodpecker colony that still lives here today.
|Woodpecker cavity trees|
Just past the cavity trees, you reach the trail intersection at which the inner and outer loops part ways. Angle right to stay with the white-blazed outer loop. A picnic table also sits at this intersection, and interpretive signs help you identify common trees.
The trail stays with the meandering old logging road as it continues in the general direction of south. At 1.4 miles, the logging road abruptly ends at the edge of a former logging tract, and the trail takes on a single-track character. The gradual descent toward
becomes more noticeable now, and at times the winding route of the trail makes
you wonder where the trail is going. Lake Juniper
|Crossing a small stream|
At 2.1 miles, you cross a small stream on a wooden bridge. This stream is only noteworthy because it is the only moving water you see on this hike. At 2.3 miles, you reach the spur trail to the
overlook. Turn right to hike a short distance out a
narrow dike to reach the overlook. The
lake here looks more like a marsh, as bald cypress trees dot the standing
water. I could hear some waterfowl in
the lake, but the thick understory prevented me from seeing any birds. A bench provides a nice place to sit, rest,
and watch the lake near the midpoint of the hike. Lake
|Lake Juniper overlook|
Begin your return route by heading directly away from the lake on another old road. At 2.7 miles, the trail curves sharply left to leave the old road before turning sharply right to resume the gradual uphill course. Signs mark both of these turns.
|Heading away from the lake|
Soon you rise out of the closed scrub forest and reenter the open longleaf pine forest. The trail becomes a little hard to discern among all of the pine needles littering the ground, so watch for the white blazes. 3.3 miles into the hike, you cross a dirt maintenance road just before the red-blazed inner loop rejoins from the left. The white-and-red-blazed trail going straight that continues the loop is obvious from this direction, but finding this turn would be more challenging if you were hiking this loop the other direction.
The wide sandy-dirt trail continues its gradual climb through open longleaf pine forest. Views through the forest open up for long distances in all directions. At 3.8 miles, you close the loop. A quaint sign that simply says “home” directs you to turn right on the entrance trail, and 0.4 miles of retracing your steps return you to the trailhead to complete the hike.
Thursday, November 26, 2015
Trail: Nature Trail
Geographic Location: southeast of
Length: 1.5 miles
Difficulty: 3/10 (Easy/Moderate)
Last Hiked: November 2015
Overview: A short lollipop loop featuring ridgetop and creekside segments.
Park Information: http://southcarolinaparks.com/croft/introduction.aspx
Google Map: http://www.mappedometer.com/?maproute=478738
Directions to the trailhead: Near
take I-26 to SR 296 (exit 22). Exit and
go east on SR 296. Drive SR 296 east 1
mile to SR 295 and turn right on SR 295.
Drive SR 295 6 miles to SR 56 and turn right on SR 56. Drive SR 56 south 2.3 miles to Dairy
Ridge Road and turn left on Dairy
Ridge Road; there is a sign for at this
intersection. The park entrance is 0.3
miles ahead on the right. Turn right to
enter the park, pay the nominal entrance fee, and follow the main park road 3
miles to the park office. Park in any of
the large gravel/dirt parking lots behind the park office. Croft
The hike: Consisting of 7054 acres in rapidly developing suburban
Spartanburg, (also known as Croft
State Natural Area) is one of the largest state parks in Croft
State Park South
habitation on this land dates to the late 1800’s when several farming
communities relied on the current park’s Whitestone Springs as a water source. A four-story hotel and bottling business on
this property also used water from the spring.
During World War II the land was used as a US Army training camp. Over 250,000 soldiers trained here. After the war, the camp was closed, and the area opened as a state park in 1949. The park today features a 50-site campground, two small lakes, several picnic areas, and 37.5 miles of trails.
For outdoor enthusiasts,
is mainly known as an equestrian and
mountain bike destination. 12.6 miles of
the multi-use Palmetto Trail, the 500+ mile master path of Croft State
Carolina, lie within the park. While hiking is allowed on all of the park’s
trails, only 2.5 miles of trails are designated as hiking-only. Among the hiking-only trails, the park’s best
option is the short Nature Trail described here. Though not long, this trail has a rolling
foothills feel reminiscent of places deeper in the mountains.
|Nature Trail trailhead|
The Nature Trail does not leave directly from the parking area. To find the start of the Nature Trail, keep walking southeast down the gravel road toward the equestrian center. First you pass the signed Palmetto Trail entrance on the right, then you pass the signed Fairforest Loop Trail (a bridle trail) entrance on the right. After 0.2 miles of walking along the gravel road, you reach the signed Nature Trail entrance on the right. Turn right to leave the gravel park road and begin the Nature Trail.
The Nature Trail passes through a wooden entrance stile and heads slightly downhill. Metal diamonds nailed to trees mark the trail, and interpretive signs identify and describe common trees of the forest. Thus, this trail makes for a good introduction to the habitats of upstate
|Hiking the Nature Trail|
0.3 miles from the parking area, the trail splits to form its loop. As directed by a black arrow on another metal diamond, this description turns left and uses the trail going right as a return route, thus hiking the loop clockwise. The trail undulates somewhat as it heads east through open ridgetop forest. Some red cedars appear in the tree mix up here. The atmosphere is serene except for one factor: you may be able to hear gun shots from the park’s rifle range located across the ravine to your right.
Just past 0.6 miles, you pass a very new wooden bench before descending moderately. At 0.8 miles, you reach the bottom of the hill and the site of the Foster Mill ruins. A small town centered around a grist mill stood here in the late 1800’s. The mill was powered by falling water from Fairforest Creek, and the shoals upstream provided the elevation change needed to make the water fall. Only foundations of town structures remain today.
|Departing the mill area|
From the mill area, the trail curves right and begins heading upstream with Fairforest Creek downhill to your left. The creek is not in full view, but you can hear water rushing over the rocky shoals when stream flow is sufficiently high. The rushing creek and sidehill trail give this area more of a mountain feel than a Piedmont feel.
At 1.1 miles, the trail descends to reach a streamside bench beside the last shoal. As evidenced by the soft sand underfoot, this bench was built in the creek’s floodplain, so hopefully it still will be here when you arrive. After a brief stint of creekside hiking, the trail curves right to head out of the floodplain and close the loop. Turn left on the entrance trail and then left again on the gravel park road to return to the parking area and complete the hike.
Saturday, November 21, 2015
Trails: Lost Creek Overlook and Marble Plains Loop Trails
Ford State Park
Geographic Location: west of
Length: 3.5 miles
Difficulty: 5/10 (Moderate)
Last Hiked: November 2015
Overview: A double loop featuring two swinging bridges and nice lake views.
Park Information: http://tnstateparks.com/parks/about/tims-ford
Google Map: http://www.mappedometer.com/?maproute=476548
Directions to the trailhead: From
drive SR 50 west 5.3 miles to Mansford Road and turn right on Mansford
Rd. Drive Mansford
Rd. north 4.8 miles to the signed park entrance on
the left. Turn left to enter the park
and park in the large blacktop lot in front of the . Visitors
The hike: Completed by the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) in 1970, the Tims Ford Dam on the
produces 36 megawatts of hydroelectric power for residents of south-central Tennessee. The dam forms 10,700 acre ,
which provides flood control and water recreation. Although Tims Ford Dam stands a respectable
175 feet high and 1580 feet long, it is only medium-sized by TVA standards. Tims
As you would expect,
sits on the shore of its namesake lake. The
rural 2200 acre park features many amenities, including a 52-site campground,
20 cabins, a marina, and a lakeside restaurant.
The park’s most famous attraction is Bear Trace at Tims Ford, one in the
Tennessee State Parks’ collection of Jack Nicklaus designed signature golf
Ford State Park
For hikers, the park offers several trails that total 27 miles, some of which are shared with mountain bikes. Many of the trails make for excellent walks, but most experts appraise the Lost Cove Overlook Trail to be the park’s best trail. The Lost Cove Overlook Trail leads 1.3 miles from the
to its namesake lake
overlook. Combining this trail with the
adjacent Marble Plains Loop and the paved ADA-accessible Overlook Trail forms
the 3.5 mile double loop described here. Visitors
|Trailhead: Lost Creek Overlook Trail|
, head west to find the
signed Lost Cove Overlook Trail where the somewhat narrow dirt trail enters the
woods. The trail undulates slightly as
it passes behind the old Visitors
(now closed) and under a powerline. In
about 700 feet, you come to the first of two suspension bridges. The long, high bridge takes you over one of
the steep, narrow ravines that characterize this part of Visitors Center Tennessee. The bridge sways quite a bit, but the metal
cables holding it in place are sturdy, so persistent forward stepping will get
|First suspension bridge|
The young but nice forest that surrounds the trail features some maple, oak, and beech trees with some pine trees mixed in along the higher areas. The lake remains a constant presence through the trees on the left, but no clear lake views emerge. Red aluminum disks mark the trail, and they come in handy occasionally even though most of the trail is easy to follow. Numerous small but occasionally steep ups and downs need to be negotiated. The vertical elevation change between high and low points is less than 100 feet, but that vertical distance will be covered many times.
At 0.7 miles, you cross the second of the two suspension bridges. This bridge seems to be a near-twin of the first. More ups and downs bring you to the wooden overlook platform at 1.3 miles. While the view from here was probably quite good at one time, trees have since grown up to almost completely block the view. Use some nearby benches to enjoy what view there is.
|Lost Creek Overlook|
The overlook also serves as a major trail intersection. The Lost Creek Overlook Trail you have been following ends here. The asphalt ADA-accessible Overlook Trail leading away from the lake will be our eventual route back to the
. The two arms of the Marble Plains Loop Trail,
which is marked by orange aluminum disks, continue further west. This description will take the left (south)
arm of the Marble Plains Loop Trail now and use the right arm as its return
route, thus hiking the loop clockwise. Visitors
The Marble Plains Loop Trail is narrower and less-traveled than the Lost Creek Overlook Trail, as evidenced by the deeper cover of leaf-litter that I had to negotiate on my early November hike. However, the terrain is generally flatter than the previous trail, and therefore the overall going is somewhat easier. After a gradual descent, the trail curves right to head briefly uphill into younger, shrubbier forest before descending again.
|Tims Ford Lake|
At 1.9 miles, you reach lake level where the best lake views of the hike emerge. This point sits at the head of a narrow inlet that empties west into the main lake. The trail next curves right to join an old dirt road as it climbs away from the lake. 2 miles into the hike, you reach another signed trail intersection just below the ridge crest. The Ray Branch Shoreline Trail exits left and continues another 6 miles down the lake shore, so you need to turn right to stay on the Marble Plains Loop Trail. More orange aluminum disks mark this turn.
The remainder of the Marble Plains Loop Trail stays in the young shrubby ridgetop forest. The solid white building of
sits through the trees to the left.
Minor undulations and a final left turn return you to the overlook area
to close the Marble Plains Loop. To
begin the final leg back to the Marble
Plains Baptist Church , turn left on the asphalt
ADA-accessible Overlook Trail. Visitors
|ADA-accessible Overlook Trail|
Asphalt trails never make for the best hiking, but since this trail stays in the woods or prairie for its entire length, the scenery is better than you might expect. The nearly flat Overlook Trail stays on the ridgetop, thus by-passing all of the up-and-down you did on the Lost Creek Overlook Trail. Rest areas with benches appear roughly at 400 foot intervals. First you pass
again, then Marble Plains
Baptist Church Marble Plains Road
comes into view, then you pass the park entrance gate. 1 mile after leaving the overlook, you come
out at the north end of the
parking lot, thus completing the hike. Visitors Center
Tuesday, November 10, 2015
Trails: Quarry and Overlook Trails
Nature Preserve Ruffner
Geographic Location: east side of
Length: 3 miles
Difficulty: 5/10 (Moderate)
Last Hiked: October 2015
Overview: An out-and-back to a fantastic overlook of downtown
Preserve Information: http://ruffnermountain.org/
Google Map: http://www.mappedometer.com/?maproute=474254
Directions to the trailhead: On the east side of
take I-59 to Oporto Madrid Blvd.
(exit 131). Exit and go south on Oporto
Drive Oporto Madrid Blvd.
0.7 miles to Rugby Ave. and
turn left on Rugby Ave. (Alternatively, take I-20 to Oporto
Madrid Blvd. (exit 132) and go north 1.5 miles to Rugby
Rugby Ave. 0.7 miles to 81st
Street and turn right on 81st
Street deadends at Ruffner Mountain Nature
Preserve. Leave a donation at the
preserve entrance and park in the only parking lot.
The hike: Located on the east side of
between I-59 and I-20, 1225-foot stands as the main
guardian of the city’s eastern gates.
Mountain Birmingham’s early
days in the late 1800’s, the mountain was more valued for its industrial
resources than its scenery. Numerous
iron and limestone mines operated on the mountain, and the ore they produced
helped fuel Birmingham’s bountiful steel
industry, which earned the city the nickname The Pittsburgh of the South.
The mines shut down in the late 1950’s, and in 1977 a grassroots community movement formed the Ruffner Mountain Nature Preserve. Today the preserve protects 1038 acres on its namesake mountain, and over 12 miles of trails traverse the preserve. The only other amenities at the preserve are an amphitheater and a
. The preserve’s most famous site is its Hawk’s
View Overlook of downtown Nature
which is accessible only by trail. At
its core, this hike is an out-and-back to the overlook, but some other options
to form semi-loops are described at the end.
|Start of the Quarry Trail|
From the front of the
pick up the white-blazed Quarry Trail as it ascends Nature Center on a gradual to moderate
grade. The wide Quarry Trail is the
preserve’s main trail in the sense that most of the preserve’s other trails
branch off of it. On point, the Geology
Trail quickly exits left just before you pass a small limestone rock
outcrop. The Geology Trail passes several
unusual limestone rock outcrops; this one looks like a big mushroom. Ruffner
The Quarry Trail levels off before dipping slightly to cross an asphalt road. This road services the fire tower and communication towers atop the mountain, and a secondary trailhead with an information kiosk lies just beyond the road. The Hollow Tree Trail then exits left to climb to the ridge crest. The Hollow Tree and Quarry Trails come back together in 0.3 miles, so the choice is yours. The ridge crest offers no views, so this description will stay on the easier and more straightforward Quarry Trail.
At 0.4 miles, the Hollow Tree Trail reenters from the left just before you reach a small saddle where the Ridge and Valley Trail exits left. The Ridge and Valley Trail is the preserve’s hardest trail: it features more than 1000 feet of elevation change as it repeatedly goes up and down
ridges and valleys. This description
continues southwest on the Quarry Trail. Ruffner Mountain
The remainder of the Quarry Trail stays at or near the ridge crest. Interpretive signs point out the various trees of the forest, which is a mixture of broadleaf deciduous and shortleaf pine trees. Ruffner Mountain Nature Preserve has a local reputation for being dog-friendly. Indeed, nearly everyone I passed on my Saturday morning hike had at least one dog on leash. Plan a weekday visit if you want more solitude, but note that the preserve is closed on Mondays.
|Hiking the Quarry Trail|
The narrow spur trail to the Jimmie Dell White Overlook soon exits right, but the view is almost completely blocked by trees except in winter. After the green-blazed Silent Journey Trail exits right, the trail curves left to descend moderately toward a low point in the ridge. The dark red iron-rich soil for which
is famous becomes fully apparent under foot here, and near-constant highway
noise and train bullhorns remind you that the city is near.
At 1.2 miles, you reach Gray Fox Gap, which marks the end of the Quarry Trail and a major trail intersection. The south end of the Silent Journey Trail exits sharply right, while the south end of the Ridge and Valley Trail exits sharply left. The Overlook and Possum Loop Trails start at the other side of the gap. To head for the preserve’s main attraction, pick up the Overlook Trail as it climbs moderately out of Gray Fox Gap. This part of the Overlook Trail is marked with paired red and yellow blazes.
The trail gains almost 100 feet of elevation to arrive at an overlook called the Cambrian Overlook. This northwest-facing viewpoint provides a great view of the largest of several abandoned limestone quarries that operated on the mountain. Vertical mining cuts can be seen in the quarry walls and floor, and the punctuated knobs of north
Alabama’s hill country
can be seen in the distance to the right.
Past the Cambrian Overlook, angle left and continue climbing toward the
|Old quarry at Cambrian Overlook|
1.5 miles into the hike, you reach the famous west-facing Hawk’s View Overlook. You can see the entire city of
from here. The tall buildings of downtown
Birmingham take center stage, while
lies to the right. The long ridges of Birmingham-Shuttlesworth International
south side rise to the left. This
postcard view makes
to Ruffner Mountain Birmingham what Georgia’s Stone Mountain is to Atlanta or
is to Lookout Mountain Chattanooga, so spend some
time up here and enjoy the view.
|Downtown Birmingham, as seen from Hawk's View Overlook|
The Overlook Trail continues a short distance to 1105-foot
, but the peak is wooded and offers
no views. To return to the trailhead,
you could retrace your steps along the Quarry Trail or choose the Silent
Journey and/or Hollow Tree Trails for a change of scenery but little added
distance or difficulty. The Silent
Journey is a nice narrow forest trail, while the Hollow Tree Trail takes you to
the communication towers and past a small spring. You could also tack on the 1.8 mile Possum
Loop Trail, which loops around the quarry area and includes a trip to the old
quarry entrance. Sloss
For a bigger challenge, try the Ridge and Valley Trail or the Crusher Trail, which features an old iron mine. Several easy trails stay near the
. For more nice views, a trip along the asphalt
road to the restored fire tower might be in order. Many options are present, so pick whatever
option suits your fancy to conclude your day on Visitor
Center . Ruffner
Friday, October 23, 2015
Trails: Interpretive and Homestead Trails
County at Education
Geographic Location: south of
Length: 1 mile
Difficulty: 2/10 (Easy)
Last Hiked: October 2015
Overview: A short loop around the backwaters of
featuring an historic homestead site. A.J.
Park Information: http://www.ajjollypark.com/home.html
Google Map: http://www.mappedometer.com/?maproute=470803
Directions to the trailhead: From the intersection of SR 10 and
in Alexandria, drive US 27 south 5
miles to SR 824. Turn left on SR
824. Drive SR 824 east 0.8 miles to the
signed on the right. Turn right to enter the center and park in
the first gravel lot on the right. Campbell County
The hike: Located on the south side of greater
the at Campbell County
consists of 50 acres within the county’s largest park. Dating to 1998, the Center is a cooperative
effort between A.J.
and the Campbell County . The Center’s lone interpretive building
contains some aquariums, a bird blind, an observation beehive, and a solar
energy system among other items of interest. University of Kentucky
The adjacent areas of
feature many amenities including
a scenic lakeside golf course, a 75-site campground, athletic fields of many
types, and a disc golf course. This
impressive list of amenities makes A.J. Jolly
more resemble a large state park than a small county park. The park proper offers 20 miles of trails,
but the park’s trails are also open to equestrian use. Therefore, the park’s best hike can be found
on the short hiker-only Interpretive and Homestead Trails offered by the A.J.
Jolly Park . These are the trails used to form this hike. Education
|Beginning of Interpretive Trail|
Two trails leave from the south side of the gravel road connecting the gravel parking lot and the Center’s interpretive building. The two trails come together in only a few hundred feet to form the Interpretive Trail, so the choice is yours. The trail closer to the creek is more scenic because it crosses a short boardwalk over a wetland, the backwaters of
. True to the Center’s educational directive,
numerous interpretive signs describe the flora and fauna seen on this trail. A.J.
After the two initial trail options come together, the wide grassy Interpretive Trail heads southeast with an inlet of
visible on the right. When I hiked this
trail on a warm sunny mid-October afternoon, a large group of mallard ducks was
plying the shallow grass-filled lake waters.
At 0.2 miles, the trail passes through a sunny grassy area marked as a
wildlife opening. I saw no wildlife here
on my visit, but deer would frequent areas such as this one on early mornings
and late afternoons. A.J.
|Ducks in A.J. Jolly Lake|
Just shy of 0.3 miles, the trail seems to end at an intersection with a faint gravel road. To continue the loop, you need to turn right and cross
on a secondary dam. An unusual metal-grate walkway provides
passage over the dam’s concrete spillway.
At the north end of the dam, turn right to continue the loop. The park’s famous golf course can be seen to
the left here, but a sign warns that trespassing on the golf course is strictly
prohibited. A.J. Jolly
|Looking across A.J. Jolly Lake|
You now enter an area of dense honeysuckle as the trail climbs slightly to assume an elevation some 20 feet above the lake. Just past 0.4 miles, explore an area to the left marked as a “succession area.” This area features many red cedar trees, which are some of the first tree inhabitants of former farm fields as they revert to forest. The process of reverting to forest is known as forest succession, hence this area’s name.
|Entering the Succession Area|
At the front of the succession area, the Interpretive Trail continues north around the lake. For a little extra adventure, take the narrow dirt Homestead Trail, which departs from the rear of the succession area. The Homestead Trail heads further uphill to pass an old well and homesite before curving right to head back downhill to the wider Interpretive Trail. Turn left to continue the Interpretive Trail.
The balance of the Interpretive Trail descends slightly as it heads up the south side of a narrowing
. Several side trails exit left to head out of
the park. After passing an exhibit on
tree growth, the trail curves right to cross the lake’s feeder stream on a wide
wooden bridge. Very soon thereafter you
exit the woods at a cluster of picnic tables located beside the parking lot,
thus completing the hike. A.J. Jolly
Monday, September 28, 2015
Trails: Cat Gap
Loop, Cat Gap Bypass,
and John Rock Trails
Geographic Location: northwest of
Length: 5.4 miles
Difficulty: 7/10 (Moderate/Difficult)
Last Hiked: September 2015
Overview: A mostly moderate but occasionally steep loop hike featuring views from John Rock.
Trail Information: http://www.fs.usda.gov/recarea/nfsnc/recreation/hiking/recarea/?recid=48310&actid=50
Google Map: http://www.mappedometer.com/?maproute=464350
Directions to the trailhead: From the
US 276/US 64 split on the north side
of Brevard, take US 276 west 5.3 miles to Fish
Hatchery Road (FR 475). Take a soft left on Fish
Hatchery Rd. Drive Fish Hatchery Rd. 1.5 miles to the combined fish hatchery
and for Wildlife Education on the
left. Park in the large blacktop lot in
front of the center. Pisgah Center
The hike: Often overlooked in favor of Looking Glass Rock, its larger and more famous neighbor, John Rock rises nearly 800 feet above the south side of the
valley. During the Great Depression the
parking lot at this hike’s trailhead was the site of Camp John Rock, a Civilian
Conservation Corps (CCC) camp that operated from 1933 until 1941. The young men of Camp John Rock built many of
the roads and trails in this part of the national forest. Davidson River
The area’s main attractions today are the more modern
for Wildlife Education and its
adjacent fish hatchery. The center
contains some interesting exhibits about the forest, and both the center and
fish hatchery are worth a stop either before or after your hike. Speaking of which, the large center parking
area also serves as trailhead parking for this popular and excellent loop hike
to John Rock. While you likely will not
have this trail to yourself, many of the people that come here visit only the
center and fish hatchery, so it may not be as crowded as it appears. When I came here on a Labor Day weekend, the
parking area for nearby Looking Glass Rock was overflowing with dozens of cars
parked in ditches on either side of the road, but I had no trouble finding a
parking spot here. Pisgah
|Fish hatchery trailhead|
Begin by walking down the paved extension of the entrance road that runs between the parking lot and the fish hatchery. Very quickly you come to a metal vehicle gate and a brown carsonite post that marks the fish hatchery trailhead. Walk around the gate, cross John Rock Branch on an old vehicle bridge, then immediately arrive at an intersection with the Cat Gap Loop Trail. Turn right to begin hiking the orange-blazed Cat Gap Loop counterclockwise.
The trail climbs steeply for a brief time before leveling out in a grove of pine trees. A metal chain link fence has been installed immediately to the right of the trail to prevent unauthorized access to the fish hatchery area. At 0.3 miles, you cross a gravel road that leads to another fish spawning pool.
Across the road, the trail curves left and begins climbing again on a moderate grade. Some unmarked spur trails exit left and lead steeply downhill to some scenic cascades in Grogan Creek. If you have a little extra time and energy, these side trips are worth taking for the aquatic scenery and audio they offer.
|Cascade in Grogan Creek|
At 0.8 miles, you reach an area called Picklesimer Fields and an intersection with the blue-blazed Butter Gap Trail, which exits right. Another brown carsonite post marks this intersection. The Cat Gap Loop turns left to cross Grogan Creek on a bridge built out of three tree trunks. Bridges like this one look suspect, but they are common on trails in this part of the national forest. Large numbers of mountain laurel grow here and make this area especially scenic in June.
|Crossing a tree-trunk bridge|
1 mile into the hike, you reach a dispersed campsite located in a pine planting. Follow the orange paint blazes to stay on the trail. The trail crosses a tributary of Grogan Creek twice, once via another tree trunk bridge and again via a rock hop. The grade intensifies after this last creek crossing as the trail uses switchbacks to summit a finger ridge before curving right to climb along the ridge.
|Climbing on Cat Gap Loop|
At 1.8 miles, the Cat Gap Loop turns right where the Cat Gap Bypass Trail continues straight. Yet another brown carsonite post marks this intersection. If you insist on visiting Cat Gap, you can turn right here to continue the Cat Gap Loop, but Cat Gap requires another 200 feet of climbing that earns you no views or other scenic rewards. Thus, most hikers heading to John Rock continue straight to start the Cat Gap Bypass Trail, as does this trail description.
After the long moderate climb you just endured, the yellow-blazed Cat Gap Bypass Trail is surprisingly flat and easy. Indeed, the Cat Gap Bypass Trail gains only 100 feet over its 0.6 mile length. The ravine containing John Rock Branch drops to your left, but no real views emerge.
2.4 miles into the hike, you reach the east end of the Cat Gap Bypass Trail and a major trail intersection with trails going straight, left, and right. The Cat Gap Loop goes straight and right with the downhill route going straight heading back to the fish hatchery and the uphill route going right leading to Cat Gap. This hike turns left to begin the John Rock Trail and head for its namesake rock.
|Climbing on John Rock Trail|
Now comes the steepest part of the hike, as the rough and eroded John Rock Trail gains more than 150 feet of elevation in less than 0.2 miles. At 2.6 miles, you top a small knob that is the highest elevation of the hike (950 feet above the fish hatchery). The narrow trail now descends more than it ascends as it heads north out a narrow finger ridge. You pass a couple more established campsites as you head out the ridge.
Just past 3 miles into the hike, the unsigned spur trail to the John Rock overlook exits left. Turn left here and very quickly reach the highlight of this hike. The bare granite outcrop known as John Rock offers excellent views to the north across the
valley. Looking Glass Rock takes center
stage, while the ridge that contains the Davidson River Blue Ridge
Parkway looms in the background. The fish hatchery can be seen directly below,
and you may be able to pick out your car depending on which part of the parking
lot you parked in. The overlook area is
not particularly large, and no railings protect you from the vertical cliffs
that lie ahead, so watch your footing and children at this overlook.
|Looking Glass Rock, as seen from John Rock|
After taking in the view, retrace your steps back up the spur trail to the John Rock Trail and turn left to continue the John Rock Trail. The somewhat narrow trail passes through a tunnel of mountain laurel as it descends at first gradually and then more steeply. At 3.7 miles, you cross a small spring-fed stream before curving left to begin heading downhill through the stream’s ravine. A couple more tree-trunk bridges are used to cross other streams.
4.2 miles into the hike, the John Rock Trail ends at a junction with the Cat Gap Loop, which goes left and right. Turn left to continue descending on the Cat Gap Loop. You are now descending into a hollow known as Horse Cove, and the descent becomes more gradual the lower you get. At 4.5 miles, you cross a gravel forest service road just before crossing wide but shallow Horse Cove Creek on stepping stones.
The remainder of the hike passes through creekside and riverside habitats as it curves left to head west for the fish hatchery. A couple of less rustic footbridges (as opposed to tree-trunk bridges) are crossed, and the
comes into sight downhill to the right.
Some more campsites are also located to the right, and at a double
orange paint blaze you need to turn left to stay on the main trail rather than
take the campsite spur that heads right.
At 5.3 miles, you cross John Rock Branch on a large trail bridge that
has seen its better days. Continue
straight after crossing the bridge to return to the east end of the fish
hatchery parking lot and complete the loop. Davidson River
Monday, September 21, 2015
Trails: Tutelo Birding, Mossey Creek,
and Big Oak Nature Trails
Geographic Location: east of
Length: 2.6 miles
Difficulty: 4/10 (Easy/Moderate)
Last Hiked: August 2015
Overview: A rolling loop hike featuring creekside habitats.
Google Map: http://www.mappedometer.com/?maproute=452248
Directions to the trailhead: From the
15/US 58 split east of Clarksville,
drive US 58
east 0.6 miles to the park entrance on the right. Turn right to enter the park, pay the
entrance fee, then immediately turn left on the main park road. Drive the main park road 0.7 miles to the
small trailhead parking lot for the Big Oak Nature Trail on the right. The lot will only hold 2 or 3 cars, but
additional parking can be found nearby in several directions should the lot be
The hike: Located in south-central
less than 7 miles from the North Carolina
state line, protects 2698 acres on the north bank of
John H. Kerr Reservoir, the largest lake in Occoneechee State
Park Virginia. The man-made lake is formed by a dam on the Roanoke
River that is located 12 miles east of the park entrance. Completed in 1952, the dam provides flood control
and hydroelectric power.
The park gets its name from the Occoneechee Plantation that used to occupy these grounds. The plantation in turn is named for the Occaneechi Indians, who lived in this area until they were defeated in Bacon’s Rebellion in 1676. Bacon’s Rebellion is thought to be the first Indian War in what would become the
The reservoir remains the park’s main attraction today. A marina and three boat ramps allow boaters to access the lake, while 11 cabins and a 48-site campground provide accommodations. The park
contains some exhibits about
the Occaneechi people. office/Visitor
For hikers, the park offers 20 miles of trails. The park’s longest trail is the 7.5 mile one-way Panhandle Trail, but that trail is also open to horses and mountain bikes. A network of hiker-only trails exists in the western part of the park, and that area is the one explored by this hike. Various routes are possible, but the route recommended here is one of the few routes that form a loop with no backtracking.
|Start of Tutelo Birding Trail|
The Big Oak Trail that leaves from the front of the parking lot will be our return route. This hike starts by crossing the road and picking up the Tutelo Birding Trail, which is marked with red rectangles nailed to trees. The Tutelo Birding Trail is one of the park’s newest trails, so the treadway may not be as well-worn as the park’s other trails though it was wide and easy to follow on my visit.
At 0.1 miles, you reach a narrow clearing (probably created by a buried pipe of some sort) that contains an observation tower. Deer would frequent this type of habitat, but I saw only a few songbirds on the warm sunny afternoon that I hiked here. One of the wooden steps broke under my feet on my descent from the tower, so this tower is in need of some maintenance and fresher wood. Continuing east, the trail descends to cross a paved park road at 0.2 miles. This road accesses the Panhandle Trail trailhead and the park’s cabin area before ending at the equestrian campground, so it is sparsely traveled.
|View down pipeline clearing from observation tower|
The trail curves left and climbs slightly as it heads first north and then west. A large number of sweet gum trees populate the forest, as do some shagbark hickory trees. At 0.8 miles, you enter a mowed grass area and climb slightly to intersect the main park road. The Tutelo Birding Trail ends here. To continue this loop, turn left and walk a couple hundred feet on the park road to the start of the Mossey Creek Trail on the right. A small parking area, post with trail signs, and wooden bench are located here. This parking area could also serve as an alternate starting point for this hike, and walking further down the park road to our trailhead would form a shorter loop of only 1.1 miles.
The blue-blazed Mossey Creek Trail heads gently downhill into the ravine of its namesake creek. Some large loblolly pines live in this part of the forest, and they cover the treadway with soft pine needles. I also encountered a large number of spider webs across the trail, an indication that these trails do not see much use. I did not pass another hiker on my hike, but I did bring my hiking staff so that it rather than my face could break the spider webs.
Just past 1 mile, you reach the bank of tiny Mossey Creek. Though small in width and water volume, I encountered a large number of frogs that call this creek home. 1.3 miles into the hike, you reach an intersection with the Warriors Path Nature Trail, which exits right to head for the boat ramps. Our route angles left to stay on the Mossey Creek Trail as it heads upstream along another small creek.
|Hiking along Mossey Creek|
After crossing the creek on a nice wooden footbridge, the trail climbs steeply but only for a short distance to reach the end of the Mossey Creek Trail at its junction with the Old Plantation Trail. The Old Plantation Trail gets its name from William Townes’ Occoneechee Plantation that once stood here. A crumbling brick chimney stands at this intersection, one of several remnants of old plantation buildings.
|Chimney from Townes' Plantation|
The Old Plantation Trail forms a loop, and you could go either direction from the chimney. This description will turn right to walk counterclockwise on the Old Plantation Trail. The trail heads downhill to begin heading downstream along the same stream you just hiked upstream along a few minutes ago. The Mossey Creek Trail is visible to the right across the small creek.
The trail curves left to reach the Campground B connection trail, which exits right. Turn right to leave the Old Plantation Trail and continue your journey around our loop. After crossing a wooden footbridge built as a Girl Scout Gold Award project, the trail climbs to pass a slave cemetery where slaves at Occoneechee Plantation were buried. No visible signs of the cemetery remain, but an interpretive sign helps you find the site.
Just shy of 2 miles into the hike, the connection trail ends at the paved campground access road. To head for the final segment of our hike, turn left on the campground road and walk uphill about 500 feet to the trailhead for the Big Oak Nature Trail, which sits on the right side of the road. Another signpost and a large oak tree stand at this trailhead.
|Hiking up the Big Oak Nature Trail|
The wide dirt Big Oak Nature Trail dips into another ravine before curving left to begin climbing gradually along another small creek. A grassy area adjacent to Campground C can be seen to the right across the creek. A gradual climb up through the wooded ravine brings you to the small parking lot that contains your car and the end of the hike.
Wednesday, September 16, 2015
Hike Location: New
Historical Park Market
Geographic Location: New Market, VA
Length: 2 miles
Difficulty: 2/10 (Easy)
Last Hiked: August 2015
Overview: A pair of walking tours through a Civil War battlefield.
Park Information: http://www.vmi.edu/vmcw/
Google Map: http://www.mappedometer.com/?maproute=461480
Directions to the trailhead: In northern
take I-81 to US 211 (exit 264). Exit,
but instead of taking US 211 east, go west on SR 211. In only 0.2 miles, turn right on George
R. Collins Parkway. The parkway deadends in 1.1 miles at the
Virginia Civil War Museum, where this hike begins. Park in the blacktop lot in front of the
The hike: It was the spring of 1864, at the start of the Civil War’s fourth year, when Union Lieutenant General Ulysses Grant set in motion a grand strategy to finalize a Union victory. The strategy called for a three-pronged southward offensive. Grant himself would lead an army south out of
into northeastern Washington D.C. Virginia to
attack General Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia. Union General William Sherman would lead more
forces west of the Appalachians toward Chattanooga
and Atlanta. In between, Union Major General Franz Sigel
would lead an army of 10,000 men into the Shenandoah Valley,
the heart of Virginia’s agricultural
Realizing the threat posed by Sigel’s advance, Confederate General John Breckinridge summoned all available forces, which included cadets studying at the Virginia Military Institute (VMI) in the southern
Shenandoah Valley. On May
15, 1864, Breckinridge’s forces met Sigel’s forces at New Market,
VA. Though outnumbered more than 2 to 1,
Breckinridge employed an aggressive strategy that made heavy use of the VMI
cadets. At the end of the day, Sigel was
forced to rapidly retreat northward to , and Breckinridge won one of the
Confederacy’s last major Civil War victories. Strasburg,
Today I-81 runs through the midst of the historic battlefield, but the
of the Civil War and
tell the story of the battle. The museum
features artifacts and dioramas from the battle, while the state park offers
two walking tours that access all of the battlefield’s major points of interest. Combining the two walking tours using a
pedestrian tunnel under I-81 forms the hike described here. Note that a small admission fee is charged to
access the grounds, so make sure you check in at the museum before heading out. New Market
|Start of western walking tour|
The walking tour starts at a gap in the split rail fence to the right (east) of the museum. The mowed-grass trail heads northeast toward the battlefield, and the historic white Bushong Farm buildings visible straight ahead are your first destination. Off in the distance
towers 1400 feet above
you, thus giving this hike scenic as well as historic appeal. The mountain was covered in fog on the
unusually cool summer afternoon I came here. Massanutten
Just shy of 0.2 miles, you reach the Bushong Farm. The federal-style home built by Jacob Bushong dates to 1825. The Confederates occupied the area around the farm, while the
Union held the land to the north. The Bushong family hid in the cellar during
the battle, and both the house and barn served as hospitals in the battle’s
aftermath, a common practice during the Civil War. The historic farm site consists of 11
structures including 2 historic homes, a barn, a blacksmith shop, and a
You have to make a decision at the Bushong Farm. The 1 mile western walking tour you are on continues straight, and this description rejoins this tour later. To also tour the eastern part of the battlefield, turn right and walk through the concrete pedestrian tunnel that passes under both lanes of I-81. I was disheartened to find the modern interstate built through the middle of an historic battlefield, but such is the situation.
Now east of I-81, the eastern walking tour starts by heading down the original Bushong Farm driveway. Red cedar trees now line this historic lane. At 0.35 miles, the trail curves left to leave the driveway and head north toward the
|Original Bushong Farm driveway|
After dipping through a small grassy hollow, the rolling mowed-grass trail reaches the 1905 stone monument to the 54th Pennsylvania Infantry Regiment. The 54th
was the last Union regiment to retreat, and they suffered one of the highest
casualty rates of the battle. A small
parking area that serves the monument provides an alternate place to access the
trail system if desired.
|54th Pennsylvania monument|
The trail ends at the monument, so next you must retrace your steps to the Bushong Farm and turn right to continue the western battlefield walking tour. The walking tour next passes the
, a small concrete plaque
erected in 1905 by veterans of the Battle of New Market. The monument honors Company A of the
Confederate 1st Missouri Cavalry, which lost 40 of its 62 men in the
Continuing north, the trail exits the farm site and enters an area called the Field of Lost Shoes. This area was the Bushong’s wheat field, and the 3 days of heavy rain that preceded the battle had turned the field into a muddy quagmire. Thousands of soldiers charging over the field exacerbated the issue, causing many soldiers’ shoes to get sucked into the mud.
At 1.3 miles, you reach a cannon that marks the
line during the battle. The trail curves
left here and climbs slightly to reach another cannon and a two-track gravel
road. We will eventually turn left on
the gravel road to head back for the museum, but first turn right and walk a
short distance to a well-constructed west-facing overlook. This overlook provides a nice view of the
some 120 feet below you while the North
Fork Shenandoah River Allegheny Mountains rise
in the background to the west.
|Overlook of Shenandoah River|
Back on the gravel road, the final southbound segment back to the museum is rather unexciting. The route gives a close-up view of the Bushong Farm barn. The Civil War-era barn was destroyed by fire in 1939, so this barn dates only to 1940. A relatively flat walk across more open field brings you back to the gap in the split rail fence, thus concluding the hike.